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Why Dr. Ben Carson Should Not Be Confirmed as HUD Secretary

An open letter to Senators Michael Crapo and Sherrod Brown

Dear Chairman Crapo and Ranking Member Brown:

We, the undersigned, strongly oppose the appointment of Dr. Ben Carson as the next Secretary of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.  Apart from his personal views on a variety of political and social issues, we consider Dr. Carson completely unqualified to anticipate or promote appropriate solutions to the pressing housing and urban development needs facing our country.

Created in 1965 to further the nation’s housing and urban revitalization agenda, HUD’s role has been to implement the nation’s housing goal, first articulated by Congress in 1949: “a decent home and a suitable living environment for every American family.” Sadly, this goal has not yet been realized. It remains, nevertheless, an aspiration that HUD is obligated to manifest, and one that will be greatly undermined should the U.S. Senate confirm Dr. Ben Carson.

Numbering nearly four hundred, the signatories below include scholars and experts working in the fields over which HUD holds direct administrative responsibilities, including federally subsidized housing programs assisting lower income households, developing housing policy, implementing urban revitalization strategies, eliminating homelessness, and advancing homeownership and fair housing.

We ask you to deem Dr. Carson a poor choice to lead HUD, and to deny him Senate confirmation for the following three reasons:

1) Dr. Carson has no experience relevant to HUD’s mission: Past HUD Secretaries, under both Republican and Democratic presidents, have typically had significant public sector experience.  They also, for the most part, worked in areas directly related to the work of HUD. Dr. Carson has absolutely no prior experience with the programs and policies administered by HUD and no background managing or leading a large public agency. Indeed, Dr. Carson’s close friend, Armstrong Williams, has acknowledged that Dr. Carson: “has no government experience. He’s never run a federal agency. The last thing he would want to do was take a position that could cripple the presidency.”

Housing is an enormously complex issue. It requires, among other things, an understanding of finance, economics, labor markets, land use, transportation, energy, and the many legal underpinnings that govern housing and development policy. Dr. Carson’s education, professional experience, and basis of knowledge are wholly inadequate in these areas.

Of additional concern, we have learned the hard way that when someone with such thin experience as Dr. Carson’s administers a large, complex department, the subsequent dearth of capable oversight and management leaves room for unscrupulous, exploitative behaviors, particularly on the parts of private contractors and interagency partners. Unfortunately, HUD has not been immune to corruption and mismanagement in the past. And it won’t in the future should the Senate confirm a HUD Secretary lacking basic familiarity with the issues under his jurisdiction.

2) Dr. Carson has expressed disdain for HUD’s mission:  Among HUD’s key responsibilities is the enforcement of the nation’s fair housing laws — laws created to reduce discrimination still faced by non-white, disabled, LGBT, and other households seeking secure and decent homes to rent or buy.  Rather than understanding the continuing need for enforcement of laws that protect the rights of all who are seeking housing, nor acknowledging that the government has an ongoing commitment to provide opportunities for low-income people who are eager to move to low-poverty areas, Dr. Carson has dismissed fair housing as being “a mandated social-engineering scheme.”  He has shown nothing but disdain for HUD’s statutory obligation to affirmatively further fair housing.

3) Dr. Carson has displayed a lack of understanding of poverty and the role of government: Dr. Carson does not appear to appreciate the complexity and interplay of the many factors that result in housing being unaffordable to lower income people. Often, at the root of housing unaffordability are issues of poverty which, astonishingly, Dr. Carson sees as “more of a choice than anything else.”  Dr. Carson seemingly does not comprehend how changes in the global economy, the loss of manufacturing jobs in the U.S., and the legacy of employment discrimination have collided to harm low-skilled workers and increase poverty.

Moreover, rather than appreciating the critical role that HUD’s programs play in assisting millions of households to secure decent, affordable housing, Dr. Carson believes that individuals and church-based and other community initiatives can substitute for HUD’s programs.  These were failed strategies pursued in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and they have proven to be less effective than government efforts time and time again.  Voluntary efforts were and remain important accompaniments to a strong federal role. In their scope, scale, or long term impact, however, such efforts cannot possibly replace the work of government.

To conclude, we cannot imagine that a person with Dr. Carson’s views about fair housing, the role of government, and the roots of poverty could possibly be an advocate for the very programs for which HUD is responsible. We believe that the appointment of Dr. Carson would severely jeopardize the well-being of the nearly 5 million households across the country for whom HUD is their only means of securing housing. We strongly urge you to decline to confirm Dr. Ben Carson as HUD Secretary.

Sincerely,

Aaron Wunsch — Assistant Professor of Landscape Architecture and Historic Preservation, University of Pennsylvania

Adam Flickinger — Urban Planner and Designer, Chicago, IL

Adam R. Culver — Adjunct Instructor, Maryland Institute College of Art

Adriana Navarro-Sertich — Independent Consultant on Urban Rehabilitation and Social Housing; former Housing and Urban Planning Advisor for United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), Washington, DC

Adriana Valencia — Independent Scholar, Berkeley,CA

Alaina Morgan — Graduate Student, New York University

Alejandro Velasco — Associate Professor of History, New York University

Alex Schwartz — Professor of Urban Policy, The New School

Alexandra Filindra — Associate Professor of Political Science and Psychology, University of Illinois — Chicago

Alexis Bateman — Consulting Researcher, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Alma M.O. Trinidad — Associate Professor of Social Work, Portland State University

Amelia J. Carr — Professor of Art History, Allegheny College

Amy Howard — Associated Faculty in American Studies, University of Richmond

Anaid Yerena — Assistant Professor of Urban Studies, University of Washington — Tacoma

Andrea Garfinkel-Castro — Graduate Student, University of Utah — Salt Lake City

Andrea L. Lohse — Secretary, Board of Directors, Crossroads for Women, Albuquerque, NM

Andrea Roberts — Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Texas — Austin

Andrew Forney — Designer, York, PA

Andrew R. Highsmith — Assistant Professor of History, University of California — Irvine

Andrew W. Kahrl — Assistant Professor of History, University of Virginia

Andrew Witek — Graduate Student, Judson University

Angela Traill — Community Development Block Grants Project Manager, St. Tammany Parish, LA

Anna Livia Brand — Assistant Professor of Planning and Urban Studies, University of New Orleans

Annelise Orleck — Professor of History, Dartmouth College

Ansley T. Erickson — Assistant Professor of History and Education, Columbia University

April Merleaux — Associate Professor of History, Florida International University

Ari Kelman — Chancellor’s Leadership Professor of History, University of California — Davis

Ari Kohen — Schlesinger Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Nebraska

Arlene Davila — Professor of Anthropology and Social and Cultural Analysis, New York University

Audrey G. McFarlane — Dean Julius Issacson Professor of Law, University of Baltimore

Austin McCoy — Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Michigan

Ayah Nuriddin — Graduate Student, Johns Hopkins University

Barika Williams — Adjunct Professor, Pratt Institute

Bench Ansfield — Graduate Student, Yale University

Beryl Satter — Professor of History, Rutgers University — Newark

Brandi Summers — Assistant Professor of African American Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University

Brenna Wynn Greer — Assistant Professor of History, Wellesley College

Brent Cebul — Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Richmond

Brian Goldstein — Assistant Professor of Architecture and Planning, University of New Mexico

Brian Norman — Professor of English, Loyola University Maryland

Brie Darland — Affordable Housing Advocate, Albuquerque, NM

Bruce Levin — Architect, San Francisco, CA

Bryant Simon — Professor of History, Temple University

Cameron Blaylock — Photographer, Department of Housing and Urban Development

Cameron Herrington — Urban Studies Graduate Student, Portland State University

Camille Z. Charles — Walter H. and Leonore C. Annenberg Professor in the Social Sciences, University of Pennsylvania

Carl H. Nightingale — Professor of Urban History and World History, Department of Transnational Studies, University at Buffalo State University of New York

Carrie Makarewicz — Assistant Professor of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Colorado Denver

Carsten Rodin — Graduate Student, Columbia University

Catalina Ortiz — Lecturer of Urban Design, University College London, UK.

Catherine McNeur — Assistant Professor of History, Portland State University

Cathy Lesser Mansfield — Professor of Law, Drake University

Cecilia Márquez — Assistant Professor of Social and Cultural Analysis, New York University

Chad McBride — Professor of Communication Studies, Creighton University

Chad Williams — Associate Professor of African and Afro-American Studies, Brandeis University

Chantalle Verna — Associate Professor of History, Florida International University

Charles Constantine — Designer, New York, NY

Charles Hughes — Director of the Memphis Center, Rhodes College

Chelina Odbert — Community Developer, Los Angeles, CA

Chip Minnick — Adjunct Professor, California College of the Arts

Chris Wells — Associate Professor of Environmental Studies, Macalester College

Christina Hanhardt — Associate Professor, American Studies, University of Maryland — College Park

Christine Thurlow Brenner — Associate Professor of Public Policy and Public Affairs, University of Massachusetts — Boston

Christopher Forster-Smith — Graduate Student, Johns Hopkins University

Christopher P. Lehman — Professor of Ethnic Studies, St. Cloud State University

Claire Potter — Professor of History, The New School

Clara E. Irazábal-Zurita — Professor of Urban Planning, University of Missouri — Kansas City

Claudia B. Isaac — Associate Professor of Community and Regional Planning, University of New Mexico

Claudia Lopez — Graduate Student, University of California — Santa Cruz

Clifford Andrew Welch — Professor of Contemporary History, Universidade Federal de São Paulo

Creola Johnson — Professor of Law, Ohio State University

Dan Berger — Assistant Professor of Comparative Ethnic Studies, University of Washington — Bothell

Dan Immergluck — Professor of School of City and Regional Planning, Georgia Institute of Technology

Daniel Cumming — Graduate Student, New York University

Daniel D’Oca — Associate Professor in Practice in Urban Planning, Harvard University

Daniel Olmos — Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Denver

Daniel Pasciuti — Assistant Professor of Sociology, Georgia State University

Danni Chen — Architect, Los Angeles, CA

Daryl M. Scott — Professor of History, Howard University

David C. Wilson — Associate Professor of Political Science and International Relations, University of Delaware

David E. Goldberg — Assistant Professor of History, Drury University

David Goldberg — Assistant Professor of African American Studies, Wayne State University

David Harris — Managing Director of the Charles Hamilton Housing Institute for Race and Justice, Harvard University

David Hochfelder — Associate Professor of History, University at Albany State University of New York

David Huyssen — Lecturer in American History, University of York

David J. Silverman — Architect, Boston, MA

David M. P. Freund—Associate Professor of History, University of Maryland — College Park

David Moses — Research Scientist of Architecture, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

David Schley — Assistant Professor of History, Hong Kong Baptist University

David Smiley — Assistant Director, Urban Design Graduate School of Architecture Planning and Preservation, Columbia University

David Stein — Lecturer, University of California, Los Angeles

Debra Gardner — Legal Director at Public Justice Center, Baltimore, MD

Debra Thompson — Assistant Professor of African American Studies, Northwestern University

Deirdre Oakley — Professor of Sociology, Georgia State University

DeMisty D. Bellinger-Delfeld — Assistant Professor of English, African American Studies, and Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, Fitchburg State University

Dennis Keating — Emeritus Professor of Urban Studies, Cleveland State University

Desiree Fields — Lecturer in Urban Geography, University of Sheffield

Destin Jenkins — Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard University

Diana Williams — Assistant Professor of History and Law, University of Southern California

Dolores Acevedo-Garcia — Professor of Human Development and Social Policy, Brandeis University

Domenic Vitiello — Associate Professor of City Planning and Urban Studies, University of Pennsylvania

Don Goldstein — Emeritus Professor of Economics, Allegheny College

Doron Serban — Emerging Technologies Coordinator, Academy of Art University

Drew Powers — Architect, New York, NY

Drew Seskunas — Designer, New York, NY

Edith J. Barrett — Director of Urban and Community Studies and Professor of Public Policy, University of Connecticut

Edward E. Baptist — Professor of History, Cornell University

Edward Goetz — Professor of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Minnesota

Elaine Lewinnek — Professor of American Studies, California State University — Fullerton

Elizabeth F. Cohen — Associate Professor of Political Science, Syracuse University

Elsa Barkley Brown — Associate Professor of History and Women’s Studies, University of Maryland — College Park

Elspeth Tanguay-Koo — Housing Advocate, Portland, OR

Emily Schneider — Architect, Washington, DC

Eric S. Yellin — Associate Professor of History, University of Richmond

Erika Bsumek — Associate Professor of History, University of Texas — Austin

Erualdo R. Gonzalez — Associate Professor of Chicana and Chicano Studies, California State University — Fullerton

Faye Powell — Social Sciences Librarian and Professor Emerita, Portland State University

Florence Wagman Roisman — William F. Harvey Professor of Law and Chancellor’s Professor, Indiana University

Francesca Ammon — Assistant Professor of City and Regional Planning and Historic Preservation, University of Pennsylvania

Frank Matero — Professor of Architecture and Historic Preservation, University of Pennsylvania

Frank Towers — Associate Professor of History Department, University of Calgary

Gabriel N. Mendes — Senior Lecturer, Vanderbilt University

Gayle Wald — Professor of English and American Studies, George Washington University

George Derek Musgrove — Associate Professor of History, University of Maryland — Baltimore County

Gianpaolo Baiocchi — Director of the Urban Democracy Lab, New York University

Gillet Gardner Rosenblith — Graduate Student, University of Virginia

Gillet Rosenblith — Graduate Student, University of Virginia

Gordon Mantler — Assistant Professor of Writing and History, George Washington University

Graham Sandelski — Designer, Los Angeles, CA

Gregory D. Squires — Professor of Sociology and Public Policy and Public Administration, George Washington University

Gregory P. Downs — Associate Professor of History, University of California — Davis

Gretchen Long — Professor of History, Williams College

Guian A. McKee — Associate Professor, University of Virginia

Hadar Aviram — Harry and Lillian Hastings Research Chair, University of California Hastings College of Law

Heather Ann Thompson — Professor of History and African American Studies, University of Michigan

Henry Louis Taylor, Jr. — Professor of Urban and Regional Planning and Director of UB Center for Urban Studies, University at Buffalo State University of New York

Hye-Sung Han — Assistant Professor of Urban Administration, University of Missouri — Kansas City

Imani Perry — Professor of African American Studies, Princeton University

Irene Browne — Associate Professor of Sociology and Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, Emory University

Iva Kravitz — Architect and Designer, New York, NY

Rosie Tighe — Assistant Professor of Urban Studies, Cleveland State University

Jackelyn Hwang — Postdoctoral Fellow, Princeton University

Jacob S. Rugh — Assistant Professor of Sociology, Brigham Young University

Jacob William Faber — Assistant Professor of Public Service, New York University

Jake Kutzin — Designer, Los Angeles, CA

Jake Woland — Landscape Architect and Adjunct Professor, University of Washington — Seattle

James Ashton — Visiting Professor, Johns Hopkins University

James Brillon — Graduate Student, Columbia University

James Cockcroft — Teaching Fellow, State University of New York

James DeFilippis — Associate Professor of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University

James Zarsadiaz — Assistant Professor of History, University of San Francisco

Janet L. Smith — Associate Professor of Urban Planning and Policy, Co-Director, Nathalie P. Voorhees Center, University of Illinois at Chicago

Jason Brody — Associate Professor of Regional and Community Planning, Kansas State University

Jason Reece — Assistant Professor of City and Regional Planning, Ohio State University

Jay Driskell — Independent Scholar, Washington, DC

Jeanne Theoharis — Distinguished Professor of Political Science, Brooklyn College — CUNY

Jeannette Estruth — Graduate Student, New York University

Jeff Donnelly — Lecturer, University of Miami

Jeffrey Doshna — Assistant Professor of Planning and Community Development, Temple University

Jeffrey Helgeson — Associate Professor of History, Texas State University

Jeffrey Ogbar — Professor of History, University of Connecticut

Jennifer Hock — Architectural and Urban Historian, Maryland Institute College of Art

Jennifer Tucker — Assistant Professor of Community and Regional Planning, University of New Mexico

Jennifer Whittaker — Research Associate of Architecture and Planning, University at Buffalo State University of New York

Jessica Ann Levy — Graduate Student, Johns Hopkins University

Jessica Johnson — Assistant Professor of History and Africana Studies, Johns Hopkins University

Jessica Lewis — Housing Advocate, Baltimore, MD

Jilene Chua — Graduate Student, Johns Hopkins University

Joan Browning — Independent Scholar, Lewisburg, WV

Joan Byron — Visiting Assistant Professor, Pratt Institute

Jocelyn Devance Taliaferro — Associate Professor of Social Work, North Carolina State University

Joe Soss — Cowles Professor for the Study of Public Service, University of Minnesota

John D. Landis — Crossways Professor of Planning, University of Pennsylvania

John Gulliford — Visiting Assistant Professor, Pratt Institute

John Lewis Adams — Faculty in History, Bard High School Early College, Cleveland, OH

John McCarthy —  Professor of History, Robert Morris University

Jonathan Brown — Undergraduate, Center for Africana Studies, Johns Hopkins University

Jonathan Crisman — Research Affiliate, University of California — Los Angeles; Graduate Student, University of Southern California

Jonathan Fertig — Architect, Instructor of Building Information Modeling, The Boston Architectural College

Jonathan Ritter — Associate Professor of Ethnomusicology, University of California — Riverside

Jose Antonio Ramirez — Graduate Student, Columbia University

Jose J. Pullutasig — Designer, New York, NY

Joseph Heathcott — Associate Professor of Urban Studies, The New School

Joseph William Singer — Bussey Professor of Law, Harvard University

Joshua Ambrosius — Assistant Professor of Political Science and Core Faculty of the Public Administration Program, University of Dayton

Joshua Clark Davis — Assistant Professor of History, University of Baltimore

Joshua D. Ambrosius — Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Dayton

Judith Bachay — Professor of Social Science and Counseling, St. Thomas University

Julia Gunn — Lecturer, University of Pennsylvania

Julia Ott — Associate Professor of History, The New School

Julie Gamble — Professor-Researcher, Universidad San Francisco de Quito

K.C. Quirk — Executive Director of Crossroads for Women, Albuquerque, NM

Kate Masur — Associate Professor of History, Northwestern University

Kate Ramsey — Associate Professor of History, University of Miami

Kate Rosenblatt — Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Michigan

Kathleen Engel — Research Professor of Law, Suffolk University

Kathleen King — Landscape Architect and Urban Designer, Denver, CO

Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor — Assistant Professor of African American Studies, Princeton University

Keith Krumwiede — Associate Professor of Architecture, New Jersey Institute of Technology

Kelly Quinn — Program Coordinator, University of Maryland — Baltimore.

Kenneth Lipartito — Professor of History, Florida International University

Kennetta Hammond Perry — Associate Professor of History, East Carolina University

Kevin M. Kruse — Professor of History, Princeton University

Kristin Kelsey — Designer, Seattle, WA

LaDale Winling — Assistant Professor of History, Virginia Tech University

Lan Deng — Associate Professor of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Michigan

Langley C. Keyes — Professor Emeritus of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Lara Stein Pardo — Visiting Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University of Colorado

Laura Tach — Assistant Professor of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University

Laura Warren Hill — Associate Professor of History, Bloomfield College

Lauren E. Willis — Professor of Law, Loyola University Law School

Lauren Rauscher — Associate Professor of Sociology, Robert Morris University

Lawrence Jackson — Bloomberg Distinguished Professor of English and History, Johns Hopkins University

Lawrence Vale — Professor of Urban Design and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Leif Fredrickson — Ambrose Monell Fellow in Technology and Democracy, Miller Center for Public Affairs, University of Virginia

Lesli Hoey — Assistant Professor of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Michigan

Leslie Martin — Associate Professor of Sociology, University of Mary Washington

Lester K. Spence — Associate Professor of Political Science, Johns Hopkins University

Lewis Stackpole — Architect and Urban Designer, Portland, OR

Lily Geismer — Associate Professor, Claremont McKenna College

Linda C. Samuels — Associate Professor, Washington University in St. Louis

Lisa K. Bates — Associate Professor of Urban Studies and Planning, Portland State University

Lisa Servon — Professor of City Planning, University of Pennsylvania

Lisa Tetrault — Associate Professor of History, Carnegie Mellon University

Lori A. Flores — Assistant Professor of History, Stony Brook University

Malini Ranganathan — Assistant Professor of International Service, American University; Faculty Fellow, Metropolitan Policy Center

Mara Sidney — Associate Professor of Political Science, Rutgers University — Newark

Marc Brenman — Consultant, Washington, DC

Marcela Gonzalez Rivas — Assistant Professor of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh

Marcia Chatelain — Associate Professor of History, Georgetown University

Marcia Egger — Attorney, New York, NY

Margaret Dewar — Professor of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Michigan

Margaret Garb — Professor of History, Washington University in St. Louis

Margaret O’Mara — Associate Professor of History, University of Washington — Seattle

Margaret Rozga — Professor of English Emerita, University of Wisconsin — Waukesha

Maria Krysan — Professor of Sociology, University of Illinois at Chicago

Marisa Chappell — Associate Professor of History, Oregon State University

Marisa Zapata — Assistant Professor of Land-use Planning, Portland State University

Mark Santow — Associate Professor of History, University of Massachusetts — Dartmouth

Marla Nelson — Associate Professor of Planning and Urban Studies, University of New Orleans

Marta Gutman — Professor of History and Theory, City College of New York — CUNY and Professor of Art History, The Graduate Center — CUNY

Marta Hanson — Associate Professor of History of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University

Martha Biondi — Professor of African American Studies, Northwestern University

Martha Hodes — Professor of History, New York University

Martha Matsuoka — Associate Professor of Urban and Environmental Policy, Occidental College

Martin Summers — Professor of History, Boston College

Mary Kay Vaughan — Emerita Professor of History, University of Maryland — College Park

Mary Pattillo — Harold Washington Professor of Sociology and African American Studies, Northwestern University

Mashael Majid — Community Planner, Oakland, CA

Mason Williams — Assistant Professor of History, Albright College

Mathew Gayman — Associate Professor of Sociology, Georgia State University

Matteo Stiglich — Graduate Student, Columbia University

Matthew Basso — Associate Professor of History and Gender Studies, University of Utah

Matthew Briones — Associate Professor of History, University of Chicago

Matthew Hall — Associate Professor of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University

Matthew Lassiter — Associate Professor of History, University of Michigan

Matthias Neumann — Lecturer, City College New York

Mehrsa Baradaran — Associate Professor of Law, University of Georgia

Michael Allen –Associate Professor of History, Northwestern University

Michael Anft — Journalist, Baltimore, MD

Michael Cohen — Professor of International Affairs, The New School

Michael Glass — Graduate Student, Princeton University

Michael Kubo — Predoctoral Fellow, National Gallery of Art

Michael Lens — Assistant Professor of Urban Planning, University of California — Los Angeles

Michael Leo Owens — Associate Professor of Political Science, Emory University

Michael Mulvey — Assistant Professor of History, St. Thomas University

Michael Reagan — Graduate Student, University of Washington

Michael Rich — Professor of Political Science, Emory University

Michelle Nickerson — Associate Professor of History, Loyola University Chicago

Miguel Tinker Salas — Professor of History, Pomona College

Mikhail Kim — Architect, New York, NY

Mimi Cheng — Graduate Student, University of Rochester

Minhtuyen Mai — Research Specialist, University of Wisconsin — Madison

Molly Metzger — Assistant Professor of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis

Mona Angel — Land Trust Director, Albuquerque, NM

Myron Orfield — Earl R. Larson Professor of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Law, University of Minnesota

D. B. Connolly — Herbert Baxter Adams Associate Professor of History, Johns Hopkins University

Nancy Kwak — Associate Professor of History, University of California — San Diego

Nancy McArdle — Independent Scholar, Somerville, MA

Natanya Duncan — Assistant Professor of History and Africana Studies, Lehigh University

Nathaniel Comfort — Professor of the History of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University

Neil Meredith — Architect, New York, NY

Nicholas Juravich — Graduate Student, Columbia University

Nicholas Tafelsky — Graduate Student, Arizona State University

Nora Krinitsky — Graduate Student, University of Michigan

Paavo Monkkonen — Associate Professor of Urban Planning, University of California — Los Angeles

Paige Glotzer — Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard University

Patricia Prevatt — Graduate Student, Boston University

Patrick Casey Mahon — Adjunct Professor, Woodbury University

Patrick D. Jones — Associate Professor of History and Ethnic Studies, University of Nebraska

Paula Chakravartty — Associate Professor of Media, Culture and Communication and the Gallatin School, New York University

Paula Narvaez — Landscape Architect and Urban Designer, San Francisco, CA

Pedro A. Regalado — Graduate Student, Yale University

Peter C. Pihos — Lecturing Fellow, Duke University

Peter Dreier — E.P. Clapp Distinguished Professor of Politics and Urban and Environmental Policy, Occidental College

Peter Laurence — Robert Mills Associate Professor of Architecture, Clemson University

Peter Rich — Assistant Professor of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University

Philip Ashton — Associate Professor of Urban Planning and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago

Philip M. E. Garboden — Graduate Student, Johns Hopkins University

Prentiss Dantzler — Assistant Professor of Sociology, Colorado College

Duncan Kerst — Architect, Portland, OR

L’Heureux Lewis-McCoy — Associate Professor of Sociology and Black Studies, City College of New York and the Graduate Center — CUNY

Rachel G. Bratt — Professor Emerita, Tufts University; Senior Research Fellow, Joint Center for Housing Studies, Harvard University

Rachel Garshick Kleit — Professor of City and Regional Planning, Ohio State University

Rachel Guberman — Visiting Assistant Professor, Indiana University — Bloomington

Rama Dadarkar — Preservation Architect, New York, NY

Randall Mason — Associate Professor of City and Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania

Rebecca Anne Goetz — Associate Professor of History, New York University

Rebecca Marchiel — Assistant Professor of History, University of Mississippi

Regina Serpa — Teaching Fellow, University of Stirling

Renia Ehrenfeucht — Professor of Community and Regional Planning, University of New Mexico

Ric Richardson — Professor of Planning, University of New Mexico

Ricardo Cardoso — Faculty Fellow, Department of Social and Cultural Analysis, New York University

Robert D. Bland — Visiting Assistant Professor, University of Pittsburgh

Robert K. Nelson — Director, Digital Scholarship Lab, University of Richmond

Robert Reinauer — Visiting Faculty of Economics and Accounting, College of the Holy Cross

Robert W. Lake — Professor of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University

Robin Bachin — Charleton W. Tebeau Associate Professor of History and Assistant Provost for Civic and Community Engagement, University of Miami

Ronit Y. Stahl — Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Pennsylvania

Ryan Donaghy — Architect, New York, NY

Ryan M. Good — Adjunct Assistant Professor, Temple University

Sara Goldrick-Rab — Professor of Higher Education Policy and Sociology, Temple University

Sarah Doherty — Professor of Interdisciplinary Sculpture and Urban Practice, Maryland Institute College of Art

Sarah Iannarone — Associate Program Director in Urban Studies and Planning, Portland State University

Sarah Milov — Assistant Professor of History, University of Virginia

Sarah Reckhow — Assistant Professor of Political Science, Michigan State University

Sarah Selvidge — Lecturer, University of California — Berkeley

Scott Saul — Professor of English and American Studies, University of California — Berkeley

Shana Bernstein — Clinical Associate Professor of Public-Private Interface, Northwestern University

Shani Mott — Lecturer, Johns Hopkins University

Shannon Frystak — Associate Professor of African-American and Women’s History, East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania

Shannon King — Associate Professor of History, The College of Wooster

Shannon S. Van Zandt — Professor of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, Texas A&M University

Sharon Cornu — Adjunct Professor of Practice, Mills College

Sharon Marcus — Independent Scholar, New York, NY

Sharon Paley — Deputy Director at Center for Government Excellence, Johns Hopkins University

Sharone L. Tomer — Assistant Professor of Architecture and Urbanism, Virginia Tech University

Skylar Moran — Architect and Planner, Chicago, IL

Sophie L. Gonick — Assistant Professor of Social and Cultural Analysis, New York University

Stacey Sutton — Assistant Professor of Urban Planning and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago

Stefanie DeLuca — Associate Professor of Sociology, Johns Hopkins University

Stephen E. Lewis — Professor of History, California State University — Chico

Stephen L. Morgan — Bloomberg Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Education, Johns Hopkins University

Stephen Ruszczyk — Assistant Professor of Sociology, Montclair State University

Stephen Stacks — Graduate Student, University of North Carolina—Chapel Hill; Associate Pastor, Greenwood Forest Baptist Church

Stephen Zacks — Journalist, New York, NY

Stephanie Frank — Assistant Professor of Urban Planning and Design, University of Missouri — Kansas City

Steve Kinberger — Land Trust President, Albuquerque, NM

Steven Hahn — Professor of History, New York University

Steven G. Hall — Architect, California, New York, and Hawaii

Steven Volk — Professor Emeritus of History; Director, Center for Teaching Innovation and Excellence, Oberlin College

Stuart Ewen — Distinguished Professor of History, Sociology and Media Studies, Hunter College and The Graduate Center — CUNY.

Susan S. Fainstein — Senior Research Fellow, Harvard University

Susan Saegert — Professor of Environmental Psychology, The Graduate Center —  CUNY

Tanisha C. Ford — Associate Professor of Black American Studies, University of Delaware

Terrence G. Peterson — Assistant Professor of History, Florida International University

Thomas A. Guglielmo — Associate Professor of American Studies, George Washington University

Thomas J. Sugrue — Professor of Social and Cultural Analysis, New York University, Director of the NYU Collaborative on Global Urbanism

Tikia K. Hamilton — Lecturer, Princeton University

Tim Iglesias — Professor of Law, University of San Francisco

Timothy Green — Assistant Professor of City Planning and Real Estate Development, Clemson University

Timothy J. Gilfoyle — Professor of History, Loyola University Chicago

Timothy Stewart-Winter — Associate Professor of History, Rutgers University — Newark

Timothy Weaver — Assistant Professor of Political Science, University at Albany State University of New York

Todd C. Shaw — Associate Professor of Political Science, University of South Carolina

Todd Swanstrom — Des Lee Professor of Community Collaboration and Public Policy Administration, University of Missouri in St. Louis

Tom Angotti — Professor of Urban Policy and Planning, Hunter College and The Graduate Center — CUNY

Tom Waters — Lecturer, Urban Studies, Barnard College

Tommie Shelby — Caldwell Titcomb Professor of African and African American Studies and Philosophy, Harvard University

Tracy Neumann — Assistant Professor of History, Wayne State University

Valerie Stahl — Graduate Student, Columbia University

Victor Silverman — Professor of History, Pomona College

Victoria Basolo — Professor of Urban Planning and Public Policy, University of California — Irvine

Victoria W. Wolcott — Professor of History, University at Buffalo State University of New York

Vivian Volz — Architect and Consultant, San Francisco, CA

William Egginton — Mellon Professor in the Humanities, Johns Hopkins University

William P. Jones — Professor of History, University of Minnesota

William Sites — Associate Professor of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago

William T. Eberhard — Architect, Cleveland, OH

Witold Rybczynski — Meyerson Professor of Urbanism Emeritus, University of Pennsylvania

Zachary J. Lechner — Assistant Professor of History, Thomas Nelson Community College

Zane Curtis-Olsen — Graduate Student, Yale University

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