Spinoza in Love, 2015 © Zachary Lloyd | Courtesy of the author
O.O.P.S.Theory & Practice

Spinoza in Love

In Part III of the Ethics, Spinoza begins to diagnose more deeply what it means to be a finite mode (e.g., a human being). In his attempt to address “men’s way of living” and contravene the erroneous conception of “man in Nature as a dominion within a dominion” (III Preface), Spinoza details a love that is largely passive rather than active. Though it will become very important, the active form (termed “nobility”) that “destroys” hate is only hinted at here …

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